Instructions for Authors of Journal of Advanced Navigation Technology

Enacted in,

Recently revsised January 30, 2014

Journal of Advanced Navigation Technology (J. Adv. Navig. Technol., JANT) is an official Korean journal of the Korea Navigation Institute (KONI). It is an international, peer reviewed, and open access journal that is published bimonthly. The publication dates are February 28, April 30, June 30, August 31, October 31, and December 31. JANT is dedicated to promote the advancements in theory, engineering, and application in the field of aviation, navigation and aerospace engineering including the following areas:

  • Aeronautical technology
  • Space science
  • Maritime navigation
  • Navigation theory and system
  • Air traffic management system
  • Radar system
  • Communication system and applications

Manuscripts for submission to JANT should be prepared according to the following instructions.


JANT focuses Regular papers, Review papers, Editorial, and Letters to the editor. Any researchers throughout the world can submit a manuscript if the scope of the manuscript is appropriate. Manuscripts should be submitted in Korean or English.

Regular papers : Regular papers are for full description on the original research articles.

Review papers : Invited or submitted review papers are accepted. A review paper reports on a review on a specific topic, which is included in a regular issue of the journals and has the same sequence to a regular paper.

Editorial : Editorials are invited perspective in navigation engineering, dealing on very active areas of research, fresh insights and debates.

Letters to the editor : Comments on previously published articles or on other subjects of importance in instrumentation may be submitted.


For the policies on research and publication ethics that are not stated in these instructions, International standards for editors and authors ( editors-and-authors) can be applied.

A. Research Results

The original results of research should be recorded and maintained in a form that allows analysis and review, both by collaborators before publication and by other scientists for a reasonable period after publication. Exceptions may be appropriate in certain circumstances to preserve privacy, to assure patent protection, or for similar reasons. Fabrication of data is an egregious departure from the expected norms of scientific conduct, as is the selective reporting of data with the intent to mislead or deceive, as well as the theft of data or research results from others.

B. Conflict-of-Interest Statement

If there are any conflicts of interest, authors should disclose them in the manuscript.

C. Authorship

Authorship credit should be based on 1) substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and 3) final approval of the version to be published. Authors should meet these 3 conditions.

D. Originality and Duplicate Publication

All submitted manuscripts should be original and should not be considered by other scientific journals for publication at the same time. Any part of the accepted manuscript should not be duplicated in any other scientific journal without the permission of the Editorial Board. If duplicate publication related to the papers of this journal is detected, the authors will be announced in the journal and their institutes will be informed, and there also will be penalties for the authors.


All manuscripts will be evaluated by three peer reviewers who are selected by the editors. The acceptance criteria for all papers are based on the quality and originality of the research and its clinical and scientific significance. An initial decision will normally be made within 4 weeks after the agreement of review by the reviewers, and the reviewers' comments will then be sent to the corresponding authors. Revised manuscripts must be submitted online by the corresponding author. The corresponding author must indicate the alterations that have been made in response to the reviewers' comments item by item in a response note. Failure to resubmit the revised manuscript within 4 weeks of the editorial decision is regarded as a withdrawal. The editorial office should be notified if additional time is needed or if an author chooses not to submit a revision. The editorial committee makes decisions concerning minor revision, resubmit, and acceptance or rejection.

Manuscript evaluations are assigned one of four outcomes:

  • Accept : An Accept with no revision means that the submission is perfect and there are no suggestions for improvement. The paper is ready for publication.
  • Minor Revision : A Minor revision should be only used for papers that have a clear contribution, and there are only small changes that need to be made to make the paper ready for publication. A minor revision usually means that only textual changes are needed. For minor revision, only the Editor will need to validate that the revised paper has adequately met the suggested changes.
  • Major Revision : The classification Major revision is used when a paper shows that it might have a potential contribution and the topic is of interest to JANT, but not enough information is provided in the submission to determine this. The resubmission will go through a faster review process to determine if it should be accepted or rejected.
  • Reject : This rating is used when the submission is off topic for JANT, it is an incremental contribution over prior art, or a more complete submission is needed to better evaluate the ideas presented. The authors can revise, run new experiments, and decide to potentially submit to JANT at a later date. If submitted again to JANT, it will be treated as a new submission.


The manuscript, when published, will become the property of the journal. All published papers become the permanent property of KONI and must not be published elsewhere without written permission.

Copyrights of all published materials are owned by the KONI. They also follow the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License available from:


Manuscripts are submitted online to the Korea Navigation Institute (KONI) via homepage ( Submission instructions are available at the website. All articles submitted to the Journal must comply with these instructions. Failure to do so will result in return of the manuscript and possible delay in publication. Further inquiries are welcome at JANT Editorial Office, (phone: +82-2-866-2360; fax: +82-2-2122-0888).


A. Format of Initisal or Intermediate Contributions

The main document with the manuscript text and tables should be prepared with in an MS Word or Hangeul in Korean or English. The manuscript should be written in 10-point font with double line spacing on A4 sized (21.0×28.0 cm) paper with 2.0 cm margins on the right, and left. The Standard order of section in the manuscript file is: title page, abstract, introduction, system model and methods, results, discussion, acknowledgments, references, figure legends, and table legends. Validations to this format may be allowed. Number all manuscript pages starting with the title page as page 1. A single file is permitted for initial submissions.

B. Title Page

The Title page should include a full title, running title (no more than 40 characters in length) of the article and authors' information. The Title should be as concise as possible but informative enough to facilitate information retrieval, but not use the acronymic words. Authors' information should contain the names, affiliations including the name of the country, should be provided. For a multicenter study, indicate each individual's affiliation using superscript of the Arabic numeral (1, 2, 3, …).

A 'corresponding author' for reprints should be indicated by using a superscript *, and full contact information (including address, telephone number, fax number, and e-mail) should be provided.

C. Abstract &Keywords

The Abstract should be self-contained (contain no footnotes). It should concisely state what was done, how it was done, principal results, and their significance. It should be less than 200 words for all forms of publication. The abstract should be written as one paragraph and should not contain displayed mathematical equations, tabular material, or numbered references. At the end of abstract, keywords should be given in 3 to 5 words or in alphabetical order, separated by commas such as Maritime, Information, Communication, Science, etc.

D. Text

The text is recommended to be arranged in this order, if possible:

  • Introduction: The purpose and the background should be written simply and lucidly.
  • System Model and Methods: The methodology should be written precisely so that others may use some or all of the methods in another study or judge the scientific merit of your work.
  • Result: A detailed description of the study results should be objectively presented, in an orderly and logical sequence using both text and illustrative materials (Tables and Figures).
  • Discussion and Conclusions: Author's interpretation of the results, author's opinion and process of inducing conclusion should be written simply.

1) Text Section Heading : There are four levels of section headings with established specifications: primary; secondary; tertiary; and quaternary heads. Enumeration of section heads is required. The section headings are as follows:

Ⅰ., Ⅱ., Ⅲ.
1-1, 1-2, 1-3
1), 2), 3)

2) References in Text : References should be obviously related to documents. References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Each reference should be cited as [1],[4],[7], or [2]-[4]; Kim [3] and Jang and Lee [5]; Park et al. [6].

3) Text Equations : The Equations should be punctuated and aligned to bring out their structure and numbered on the right. Mathematical operation signs indicating continuity of the expression should be placed at the left of the second and succeeding lines. Furthermore, the Notation must be legible, clear, compact, and consistent with standard usage. All unusual symbols whose identity may not be obvious must be identified the first time they appear, and at all subsequent times when confusion might arise. Superscripts are normally set directly over subscripts; authors should note where readability or the meaning requires a special order.
In the text, numbers should be Arabic numerals, except when beginning a sentence. Numbers greater than 999 should have commas, e.g., 13,970. The 24-hour system is used to indicate time, e.g., 18:00 hr.

4) Units and Abbreviations : Units of measure should be presented according to the International System (SI) of Units. English units may be used as secondary units (in parentheses). An exception is when English units are used as identifiers in trade, such as 3 in disk drive. All units must be preceded by one space except percentage (%) and temperature (℃).
Abbreviations must be used as an aid to the reader, rather than as a convenience of the author, and therefore their use should be limited. Generally, avoid abbreviations that are used less than 3 times in the text, including tables and figure legends. Acronyms and abbreviations should be defined the first time they are used in text.

5) Table : Each Table should be numbered with Roman numerals in the order of their appearance in the text. Tables should have a concise and informative title with the table content between horizontal lines. The structure should be clear, with simple column headings giving all units. A table should not exceed one page when printed. Use lower case letters in superscripts a), b), c) ... for special remarks. Unaltered computer output and notation are generally unacceptable.

6) Figures : Figures are numbered consecutively in the sequence mentioned in the text and must have a caption written in one paragraph style. The caption should contain an explanation of all abbreviations and symbols used, and indicate the size value of lines or bars unless shown directly on the figure. The Figure number should be placed at the lower-left corner of each figure, and the numbering order must be from left to right, and from upper to lower. Citations of figures in the text or parentheses are abbreviated, e.g., Fig. 1, Figs. 1 and 2, Figs. 1-3, (Fig. 1), (Figs. 1 and 2), (Figs. 1-3). When the text refers to both figures and tables, they should be mentioned in parentheses, e.g., (Table 1; Fig. 2) and (Tables 1-3; Figs. 4-6).

E. Acknowledgments

Persons or institutes who contributed to the papers but not enough to be co-authors may be introduced. Financial support, including foundations, institutions, pharmaceutical and device manufacturers, private companies, intramural departmental sources, or any other support should be described.

F. List of References

The list of references should only include works that have been published or accepted for publication. Personal communications and unpublished works should only be mentioned in the text. The correct citation format for an article in JANT is followed as:

1) Journal Articles:

[1]S. R. Lee, “Performance improvement of WDM channels using inline dispersion management in transmission links with OPC placed at various position,” The Journal of Korea Navigation Institute, Vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 668-676, Oct. 2010.

2) Books & Book Chapters:

[2]J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications, 4th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 1993.

[3]J. L. Hennessy and D. A. Patterson, Instruction-level parallelism and its exploitation, in Computer Architecture: A Quantitative Approach, 4th ed. San Francisco, CA: Morgan Kaufmann Pub., ch. 2, pp. 66-153, 2007.

3) Conference Proceedings:

[4]A. Hashmi, H. Berry, O. Temam, and M. Lipasti, Automatic abstraction and fault tolerance in cortical microachitectures, in Proceeding of the 38th Annual International Symposium on Computer Architecture, New York: NY, pp. 1-10, 2011.

4) Dissertations (Ph.D.) and Theses (M.S.):

[5]B. Alavi, Distance measurement error modeling for time- of-arrival based indoor geolocation, Ph.D. dissertation, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, 2006.

5) Technical Report:

[6]Y. Z. Ben, D. K. John, and Anthony, Tapestry: An infrastructure for fault-tolerant wide-area location and routing, University of California, Berkeley: CA, Technical Report CSD-01-1141, 2001.

6) Online Source:

[7]Malardalen Real-Time Research Center. The worst-case execution time (WCET) analysis project [Internet]. Available:

[8]H. Nowakowska, M. Jasinski, P. S. Debicki and J. Mizeraczyk (2011, October). Numerical analysis and optimization of power coupling efficiency in waveguide-based microwave plasma source. IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science [Online]. 39(10), pp. 1935-1s942. Available:


A. Format of Final Contributions

Upon acceptance of an article, the author or authors are asked to submit the final manuscript. The final manuscript may be prepared using Microsoft Word or Hangeul.

B. Author Biographies

All authors may include biographies at the end of regular papers. The first paragraph may contain a place and/or date of birth (list place, then date). Next, the author's educational background is listed. The degrees should be listed with type of degree in what field, which institution, city, state or country, and year degree was earned. The author's major field of study should be lower-cased.

C. Page Proofs

Page proofs and reprint order forms are sent to the corresponding author, together with a copyright transfer form if not submitted yet. It is advised that editing is limited to the correction of typographical errors, incorrect data, and grammatical errors, and for updating information on references which were in press. The results of page proofs should be sent immediately by e-mail, or if signed proofs, sent by FAX, preferably within 2 business days.


Each paper will be charged according to the number of pages. After a manuscript has been accepted for publication, the author will be required to pay a publication fee of US$150 (150,000 Korean Won) up to six printed pages regardless of the number of printed pages. For papers in excess of six printed pages, an additional page charge of $20 (20,000 Korean Won) per printed page will be requested for the printed pages beyond six pages. Detailed instructions will accompany the payment request.

  • Up to 6 printed pages: US$150 (150,000 Korean Won)
  • Over 6 printed pages: US$150 (150,000 Korean Won) + US$20 (20,000 Korean Won) per extra page.

NOTICE : Recently revised instructions for authors will be applied from the 2014 issue.